What Causes Dark Circles Under Your Eyes?

Dark circles under the eyes

Dark circles under the eyes are a common issue that affects many people. Factors contributing to this condition include lack of sleep, genetics, age, and lifestyle choices. Understanding the precise cause of dark circles is essential for identifying the right treatment or preventive measures.


Dark circles under the eyes often run in families. If your parents have them, there’s a good chance you might too. This is because genetics dictate various aspects of the skin, including its thickness and the amount of melanin – the pigment that gives skin its color. Those with lighter skin may notice the veins under their eyes more, while those with darker skin might have more melanin under their eyes, contributing to a darker appearance.

Sleep Deprivation

Not getting enough sleep can lead your skin to become dull and pale, allowing for dark tissues and blood vessels beneath your skin to show. Lack of sleep can also cause fluid to build underneath your eyes, making them look puffy. As a result, the dark circles you see might actually be shadows cast by your puffy eyelids.


Natural aging is another common cause of those dark circles beneath your eyes. As you get older, your skin becomes thinner. You also lose the fat and collagen needed to maintain your skin’s elasticity. As this occurs, the dark blood vessels beneath your skin become more visible, causing the area below your eyes to darken.

Eye Strain

Staring at your computer screen or television for too long can cause significant strain on your eyes. This strain can cause blood vessels around your eyes to enlarge. As a result, the skin surrounding your eyes can darken.


Dehydration is a significant factor in developing dark circles under your eyes. When your body does not receive the proper amount of water, the skin beneath your eyes begins to look dull and your eyes look sunken. This is due to their close proximity to the underlying bone.

Sun Overexposure

Overexposure to the sun can cause your body to produce an excess of melanin, the pigment that provides your skin with color. Too much sun — particularly for your eyes — can cause pigmentation in the surrounding skin to darken.


The lack of enough healthy red blood cells caused by iron deficiency can result in dark circles. Without the proper levels of iron, the skin can appear pale, making the areas under the eyes appear darker.

How Skincare Products Can Help

The fight against dark circles is not a lost cause. A vital step in your skincare routine could include products specifically designed to address these under-eye concerns. Products like those from Fiera, known for their effectiveness in treating various skin issues, can make a difference in this battle. For instance, a review of Fiera products will usually be positive, demonstrating their ability to help reduce the appearance of dark circles. These products often contain ingredients that support better hydration, collagen production, and even skin tone.

Lifestyle Adjustments to Consider

Reducing the appearance of dark circles under your eyes might also require some changes in your lifestyle. Ensuring you get enough sleep, staying hydrated, eating a balanced diet rich in iron, and protecting your eyes from sun damage can all contribute to minimizing dark circles. If eye strain is a problem for you, regularly practice the 20-20-20 rule: every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds to reduce strain.

In wrapping up, the appearance of dark circles under your eyes can result from several factors ranging from genetics to lifestyle choices. Understanding these causes is your first step in addressing and reducing them. Alongside adjusting some of your daily habits, incorporating specialized skincare products into your routine can provide the support your skin needs to combat these dark circles more effectively. Remember, tackling this issue effectively might require a combination of multiple strategies tailored to the specific causes behind your dark circles.

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